Gender inequality is an ideology that dominates in western culture. There a clear difference on how men and women are perceived in western culture. Males are seen as powerful, strong and worthy, compared to women that are often referred to as objects that are passive, available and sexualised to appeal to western expectations. We can see this though representations of women depicted in traditional colonial art to more contemporary art and design practise.
1.Déjeuner sur l’herbe by Édouard Manet (1862–1863). Photograph: Samuel Courtauld Trust
2. Dolce and Gabbana S/S 2007 marketing advert.
These images reinforce that social ideology’s around gender in western culture. This world view towards gender is juxtaposed with how Maori culture define gender identity. Māori have a cultural system that allows individuals to be treated as equals and not defined socially by gender. This is reflective though the Maori language and how they function as a society. ( Mikaere, 1 ) ” Men and women are an essential part of a collective whole” here she is stating that collectively Maori have a great since of community and they work together as one without gender stereotypes and expectations. (Mikaere, 1) ” Its written in the language that is gender natural… there is no hierarchy of the sexes”. Even within there langue that they speak there is no ‘fermion’ or ‘masculine’ words that define the genders. The langue reflect the community with no bias to one gender. no individual is marginalised or decimated against there gender because it can’t be spoken. However in the European langue there is distinct langue to communicate difference in gender that allows difference in gender to be spoken.
Maori ideology was conflicted when New Zeland was colinsied and westeren ideals towards gender were introduced. Were western culture did not recognise women to be in a position of power. They did not respect women. Western culture often dismissed or ignored the power and success of Maori women due to the naïve understanding of Maori culture. (Simmonds, 2) ” that Maori culture was different, there somehow lacking” defined and not as advanced or successful of western culture, “because ‘they’ were not white.” We see that western culture continued to redefine Maori perspectives of Maori gender identity by reimagining/ romanticising cultural stories” (Simmonds, 3) states ” the impact of introduce law…took away emphasis from powerful women and solely focused on the male”.
There are clear conflicting ideologies towards gender in western and Māori culture. Western culture dominates today’s established society that suppresses and defines females. Maori had clearly established equal ideals around gender that created a equal platform for all individuals. In form of western culture to make gender hierarchy a concept of the pass they need to decolonize the concepts around gender and Maori culture could be a concept to just that.
Essay planning – conclusion
- Answer question -highlight points
- Similarities and differences in the art.
- I can talk about the importance of deconstructing perceptions of women. That feminism is not the only tool and can only do so mush in Western dominate culture
- Artist and designers need to continually push perceptions and create work that creates more diversity about perception of women for the concept to become more accepted in mainstream culture.
- As for myself be aware of art and design that supresses or has a naive understanding about a” women’s place” directed towards Maori women too.
- My option about decolonising imagery and the impact/ influence these artist and designs have on their communities.
- Mikaere, Ani. Maori Women- caught in the contradictions of colonised Reality. 1994
- Simmonds, Naomi. “Mana wahine: decolonizing politics” Womens studies Journal, Vol.25, No.2 December 2011 pp 11-25